Perbedaan have to, has to dan had to

Tahukah kalian jika dalam bahasa inggris penambahan kata (biasanya kada depan) dalam suatu kata tertentu akan mengakibatkan memiliki arti yang snagat berbeda dengan kata dasarnya. Sebagia contoh have yang sudah kita kenal memiliki arti memiliki/ mempunyai. Akan tetapi jika diberi akhiran tomenjadi have tomaka akan memiliki arti harus. Keduanya sama-sama kata kerja utama (main verbs).

perbedaan have to has to had to

Perhatikan contoh berikut:

– We have three options. (kami memiliki tiga pilihan)

– They have everything. (mereka memiliki segalanya)

– I have to call him soon. (aku harus memanggilnya segera)

– We have to join them. (kita harus ikut dengan mereka)

Jadi

kata kerja have to memiliki arti harus. Terus apa bedanya dengan must, should, dan ought to? Ini nih bedanya:

Have to, has to, had toKata kerja utama
Must, should, ought tomodals

Mengingat sebagai kata kerja utama, maka juga mengalami perubahan dalam tensesnya.

Main verbs (V-1)Past form (V-2)Participle (V-3)
Have toHad toHad to

Have to dipakai untuk subjek They, we, I, you

Has to dipakai untuk subjek he, she dan it

Had to dipakai untuk semua subjek

Contoh dalam kalimat:

Simple Present Tense Positif

perbedaan have to has to had to

SHave to/ has toBare verb
IHave togothere
SheHas tounderstandyou
WeHave topickthem
MiraHas tochooseone of them

perbedaan have to has to had to

Simple Present Tense negative

SDon’t/ doesn’tHave to/ has toBare verb
IDon’tHave togothere
SheDoesn’tHave tounderstandyou
WeDon’tHave topickthem
MiraDoesn’tHave tochooseOne of them

Simple Past Tense Positif

perbedaan have to has to had to

SHad toBare verb
Ihad togothere
Shehad tounderstandyou
Wehad topickthem
MiraHad tochooseOne of them

Simple Past Tense Negative

SDidn’tHave toBare verb
IDidn’tHave togothere
SheDidn’tHave tounderstandyou
WeDidn’tHave topickthem
MiraDidn’tHave tochooseOne of them

Present Perfect tense positive/ negative

SHave/ hasnotHad toBare verb
Ihave had togothere
SheHasnothad tounderstandyou
Wehave had topickthem
MirahasnotHad tochooseOne of them

Past Perfect tense positive/ negative

ShadnotHad toBare verb
IHad had togothere
SheHadnothad tounderstandyou
WeHad had topickthem
MiraHadnotHad tochooseOne of them

Jadi kesimpulannya, have to dan has to dipakai dalam kalimat present tense, sedangkan had to dipakai dalam kalimat past tense atau past perfect tense. Happy learning!


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