Contoh kalimat Perbandingan Kata Sifat superlative (superlative Adjectives)

Kita perlu tahu bahwa dalam membandingkan dua kata benda menggunakan kata sifat kita menggunakan comparative adjectives. Terus pastinya akan muncul pertanyaan, bagaimana kalau membandingkan kata benda untuk lebih dari dua? Tiga atau empat misalnya? Atau membandingkan kata benda yang memiliki kata sifat paling? Tentu kita tidak memakai comparative adjectives lagi, tetapi menggunakan superlative adjectives. What ist that?

Contoh kalimat Perbandingan Kata Sifat superlative (superlative of Adjectives)

Superlative adjectives adalah kalimat yang digunakan untuk membandingkan dua atau lebih kata benda dengan memberi tambahan ‘the most’ di awal kata sifat atau ‘the … -est’ pada kata sifat. Perlu diketahui bahwa perbandingan dengan superlative adjectives memiliki ‘yang paling’.

Contoh dalam kalimat:

– Anna adalah gadis yang paling pandai di kelasnya.

– Theo paling rajin di antara kakak laki-lakinya.

– Danau toba adalah danau terdalam di Indonesia.

Dalam bahasa inggris menjadi:

– Anna is the smartest girl in her class.

– Theo is the most diligent among his brothers.

– Toba lake is the deepest lake in Indonesia.

Ada beberapa aturan yang pelru diperhatikan:

– Kata sifat yang terdiri dua atau tiga suku kata (two +syllables), menggunakan tambahan the most sebelum kata sifat. Misalnya: ancient, awful, common, delicate, difficult etc. (cek: daftar kata sifat adjectives)

– Kata sifat yang terdiri satu suku kata (one syllable)diberi tambahan ‘the adjective –est’ dan juga untuk kata sifat dengan dua suku kata dengan akhiran –y (two + syllables ending in –y)juga sama, huruf ‘y’ berubah menjadi ‘i’.

contohnya:

adjectiveartisuperlativearti
handsometampanThe most handsomepaling tampan
awesomemenajubkanThe most awesomepaling menajubkan
softlembutThe softestpaling lembut
deepdalamThe deepestpaling dalam
lazymalasThe laziestpaling malas
angrymarahThe angriestpaling marah

Kata sifat yang perubahannya tidak beraturan:

adjectiveartisuperlativearti
farjauhThe furthestpaling jauh
badjelekThe worstpaling jelek
goodbagusThe bestpaling bagus
littlesedikitThe leastpaling sedikit
manybanyakThe mostpaling banyak
muchbanyakThe mostpaling banyak

Pola dalam kalimat:

 theMost (least) adjective (two +syllables)

Adjective –est (one syllable)

Adjective –est (two + syllables ending in –y)

You arethemost beautiful
Today isthehardest day of my life
It istheeasiest

Catatan penting: Jangan menggunakan comparative bentuk –er ketika membandingkan tiga atau lebih benda.

Contoh:

Contoh kalimat Perbandingan Kata Sifat superlative (superlative of Adjectives)

Incorrect: Rena body is the most slim among them.

Correct   : Rena body is the slimmest among them.

Incorrect: Rendy is the stronger among his brothers.

Correct   : Rendy is the strongest among his brothers.

Incorrect: You are the more diligent in my class.

Correct   : You are the most diligent in my class.

Incorrect: Maira is coolest girl, I love her much.

Correct   : Maira is the coolestgirl, I love her much.

Incorrect: You bring the muchest money among us today.

Correct   : You bring the most money among us today.

Incorrect: Maira is more diligent of all the girls in her class.

Correct   : Maira is the most diligent of all the girls in her class.

Incorrect: My room is more biggest of all the rooms here.

Correct   : My room is the biggest of all the rooms here.

 Contoh kalimat Perbandingan Kata Sifat superlative (superlative of Adjectives)

Incorrect: Retna is the cleverer from all of the students in her school.

Correct   : Retna is the cleverest from all of the students in her school.

Incorrect: Kalimantan island is the larger of all Indonesia islands.

Correct  : Kalimantan island is the largestof all Indonesia islands.

Incorrect: Of all of the participants, Draco is probably the more qualified.

Correct  : Of all of the participants, Draco is probably the most qualified.

Incorrect: The blue whale is the bigger known animal until now.

Correct  : The blue whale is the biggest known animal until now.

Incorrect: We must know that the more important theorem of all in plane geometry is the Pythagorean Theorem.

Correct  : We must know that the most important theorem of all in plane geometry is the Pythagorean Theorem.

Incorrect: Venus is the brighter planet in Solar system.

Correct   : Venus is the brightest planet in Solar system.

Incorrect: Your shoes are most cheaper between them and me.

Correct   : Your shoes are the cheapest between them and me.

Incorrect: I thought this room was smaller in our house.

Correct   : I thought this room was thesmallest in our house.

Incorrect: The climate in north and south poles are coldest.

Correct  : The climate in north and south poles are the coldest.

Incorrect: She is the most angrier people I’ve ever met.

Correct  : She is the angriest people I’ve ever met.

Incorrect: Would you mind making her the more comfort people in the world?

Correct  : Would you mind making her the most comfort people in the world?

Jadi kalimat perbandingan kata sifat superlative (superlative adjectives) digunakan dalam hal membandingkan lebih dari dua kata benda ya. Memiliki arti ‘yang paling’ diantara semuanya. Untuk berikutnya akan dibahas comparatives untuk kata sifat yang tidak beraturan (irregular adjectives), so stay tune here!

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