Penjelasan mengenai kata ganti benda Relative Pronouns

Kata ganti benda dapat juga berupa relative pronouns yang biasanya menggunakan kata who, which, dan whom.Apa saja bedanya? Perhatikan kalimat di bawah ini:

  1. A girl who is standing near that door is my sister.

  2. This is the new phone which she wants every day.

  3. She doesn’t know whom she will ask to the ball.

Jika diartikan ke dalam bahasa indonesia:

  1. Seorang gadis yang sedang berdiri di dekat pintu adalah saudara perempuanku. Who di sini sebagai relative pronouns untuk Subjek kalimat a girl,yang merupakan orang (someone/ person) diartikan sebagai ‘yang’.

  2. Ini adalah telpon baru yang dia dambakan tiap hari. whichdi sini menggantikan the new phone (something/benda).

  3. dia tidak tahu siapa yang akan dia ajak ke pesta dansa. Whomdi sini menggantikan objek/ seseorang siapa.

Nah ketiga kata yang dicetak tebal itulah ayng dinamakan relative pronouns. Memiliki fungsi sendiri-sendiri, dan tentunya dengan penggunaan masing-masing. Yuk disimak penjelasan lebih lengkap di bawah ini:

kata ganti benda relative pronouns

1. Relative pronouns yang menggantikan sesorang (someone) atau sesuatu (something)

Kata ganti benda ini menggunakan who untuk menggantikan seseorang, dan which digunakan untuk menggantikan sesuatu. Pola dalam kalimatnya:

 someonewho 
She isa studentwhocan reach the highest score in whole schools
 That  boywhobrings many books is my friend
I ammanagerwhoworks in city bank

Catatan: Jangan memakai ‘which’ kecuali who untuk menggantikan seseorang!

 somethingwhich 
Those aremanggoeswhichwe pick for you
 These candieswhichorange color are sour
That isthe new handphonewhichyou want

Catatan: Jangan memakai ‘who’ untuk menggantikan sesuatu/ benda!

Contoh:

Incorrect: Who is that boy which ask me an easy question?

Correct   : Who is that boy who ask me an easy question?

Incorrect: The student which gets the highest score will receive a reward from headmaster.

Correct   : The student who gets the highest score will receive a reward from headmaster.

Incorrect: She is my boss which is very humble to everyone.

Correct   : She is my boss who is very humble to everyone.

Incorrect: She brings many things who can be used to help her problem.

Correct   : She brings many things which can be used to help her problem.

Incorrect: Those are beautiful flowers who are kept every day by my mother.

Correct   : Those are beautiful flowers which are kept every day by my mother.

kata ganti benda relative pronouns

Incorrect: Rose is a lead singer in Blackpink which has a beautiful voice.

Correct   : Rose is a lead singer in Blackpink who has a beautiful voice.

Incorrect: The student which gets the highest score will be given a present.

Correct   : The student who gets the highest score will be given a present.

Incorrect: This is an electric pen who she ordered.

Correct : This is an electric pen which she ordered.

2. Relative pronouns yang menggantikan sesorang (person)

Kata ganti ini berupa who dan whomdigunakan juga saat menggantikan seseorang. Apa bedanya? Who dipakai sebagai subjek kalimat atau klausa kalimat, sedangkan whom dipakai sebagai pelengkap kalimat atau klausa kalimat. Yang perlu diperhatikan: Biasanya whom dipakai setelah kata depan (preposition) sebagai objek dari kata depan. Contoh dalam kalimat sebagai berikut:

 whoV 
The onewhois standing thereis my wife
Someonewhogave me thiswas my ex
Anyonewhojoinedthe tour was very satisfied

Catatan: Jangan memakai ‘whom’ sebagai subjek kata kerja!

 whomSV 
I gave this to herwhomwecall herblondie
I am ordinary girlwhomyouwill leavebehind
She is only studentwhomtheybullyeveryday

Catatan: Jangan memakai ‘who’ sebelum subjek dan kata kerja!

Contoh:

Incorrect: Maira will ask her who she is calling.

Correct   : Maira will ask her whom she is calling. (him di sini sebagai objek)

Incorrect: Has he met the girl whom is chosen as prom night queen last night?

Correct   : Has he met the girl who is chosen as prom night queen last night? (the girl di sini sebagai subjek dalam klausa kalimat kedua)

Incorrect: I didn’t know to who I would give this present yesterday.

Correct   : I didn’t know to whom I would give this present yesterday.

Incorrect: They are meeting the girl whom brings some chines food.

Correct   : They are meeting the girl who brings some chines food.

Incorrect: Let me know whom the boy standing there is.

Correct   : Let me know who the boy standing there is.

Incorrect: We didn’t know the candidate whom was elected to be leader.

Correct : We didn’t know the candidate who was elected to be leader.

Mudah dipahami apa tambah bingung dengan kata ganti benda relative pronouns di atas? Saya rasa mudah sekali dipahami ya, yang penting tahu kuncinya. Jika who itu digunakan sebagai Subjek kalimat, sedangkan whom digunakan sebagai pelengkap, digunakan sebelum Subjek dan kata kerja. Next akan dibahas mengenai reflexive pronouns, apa itu? So wait and see!


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