Penjelasan mengenai kata ganti benda milik (Possesive Pronouns)

Pembahasan kata ganti benda selanjutnya adalah kata ganti benda kepemilikan. Kenapa hal ini juga perlu dibahas lebih mendalam? Karena kata ganti benda kepemilikan juga paling sering digunakan. Kita telah belajar kata ganti benda personal (ada Subjek dan Objek), dan tentunya masih ingat ya pemakaian dalam kalimat. Kata ganti benda kepemilikan memiliki arti ‘kepunyaannya’. Ada berbagai macam bentuk penulisan kata ganti benda kepemilikan. Contohnya:

– Rani has her arm hurt because of falling from motorcycle.

– A hurt arm because of falling from motorcycle is hers.

– Rani has rani’s arm hurt because of falling from motorcycle.

Ketiga kalimat di atas memiliki arti: Rani mendapati lengannya terluka karena jatuh dari motor. Perhatikan yang tanda bold memiliki penulisan berbeda. Kalimat pertama menggunakan pola possessive pronoun untuk adjectives atau dikenal juga dengan possessive adjectives. Kalimat kedua menggunakan pola possessive pronouns, sedangkan kalimat ketiga kata ganti kepemilikan yang dibentuk dengan  apostrof (‘) dan ditambah huruf ”-s”. Jadi penulisannya bisa bermacam-macam ya readers, dan inti atau artinya sama. Yuk kita kaji bersama-sama penggunaan dalam kalimat agar lebih jelas.

possesive pronouns kata ganti kepemilikan

Pengelompokan kata ganti benda kepemilikan sebagai berikut:

1. Possesive Adjectives

Bentuk possessive pronouns untuk adjectives biasa digunakan sebelum bentuk V–ing (masih ingat dong apa saja V-ing itu?) Berikut ini merupakan bentuk possessive adjectives:

My, your, her, his, its, our, their

Pola kalimatnya:

SV phrasePronoun (possessive)-ing form (noun)
Theywaitedmyshowing uptoday
Heis waitinghercomingto here
Shecan feeltheirpresentingthere

Contoh:

Incorrect: Are you still waiting we changing for better now?

Correct   : Are you still waiting our changing for better now?

Incorrect: It was bored in them meeting yesterday due to the leader’s temperament.

Correct   : It was bored in their meeting yesterday due to the leader’s temperament.

kata ganti kepemilikan

Incorrect: I hadn’t understood why you blamed him coming with me.

Correct   : I hadn’t understood why you blamed his coming with me.

Incorrect: Everyone surprises with she acting in theater.

Correct   : Everyone surprises with her acting in theater.

Incorrect: She didn’t understand why she waited them calling all along night.

Correct   : She didn’t understand why she waited their calling all along night.

Incorrect: My dad approves of me studying in Oxford University.

Correct   : My dad approves of my studying in Oxford University.

Bentuk selanjutnya possessive adjective digunakan sebelum kata benda untuk mengenali bagian-bagian tubuh (anatomi tubuh).

Spronoun (possesive)
Shebreakshissoul
Iloveyourbeautiful face
Youhurtmyheart

Contoh:

Incorrect: How did he relax the ankle?

Correct   : How did he relax his ankle?

Incorrect: Mother broke thelegs in the accident.

Correct   : Mother broke her legs in the accident.

Incorrect: Maira and I hold it branches to anchor us.

Correct   : Maira and I hold its branches to anchor us.

Incorrect: They borrow some me books to fulfill their task.

Correct   : They borrow some my books to fulfill their task

Incorrect: Luna has forgotten about she vow.

Correct   : Luna has forgotten about her vow.

Incorrect: Has she colored the hair again?

Correct   : Has she colored her hair again?

2. Possesive Pronouns

Bentuk possessive pronouns sama halnya dengan adjective pronouns dalam penggunaan kata ganti kepemilikan, hanya saja berbeda pola dalam kalimatnya. Kalau possessive adjective digunkaan sebelum kata benda. Bentuk possessive pronouns hampir mirip dengan possessive adjective, hanya saja yang berbeda untuk my, his,dan ittidak ada. Berkut ini possessive pronouns:

Mine, yours, hers, his, ours, theirs

Pola kalimatnya:

Pronoun (possessive)
Showing up which waited by them ismine
The soul which is broken by her ishis
The beautiful face that I love isyours
Heart that you’ve been hurt ismine

Contoh:

Incorrect: This place is your.

Correct   : This place is yours.

Incorrect: These bags are them, so I must bring back to them.

Correct   : These bags are theirs, so I must bring back to them

Incorrect: You are my now.

Correct   : You are mine now

Incorrect: Do you still believe that all these are her?

Correct   : Do you still believe that all these are hers?

Incorrect: We don’t care if you are him.

Correct   : We don’t care if you are his.

kata ganti kepemilikan

Incorrect: This is your and that is mine.

Correct   : This is yours and that is mine?

Nah untuk pola ketiga menggunakan apostrof (‘) dan ditambah huruf ”-s”. contohnya dengan:

– Maira’s books are my favourite books. (Buku-bukunya maira adalah buku kesukaanku)

– Lena holds Theo’s arm tightly. (Lena memegang lengan Theo erat)

– Anna loves to hear Daddy’s stories. (Anna suka mendengarkan cerita-cerita ayahnya)

Begitulah pengungkapan kata ganti benda kepemilikan (possessive pronouns) yang bisa digunakan dalam menyusun kalimat yang efektif. Ada tiga style yang bisa kalian pilih sesuka hati kalian. Untuk pembahasan selajutnya masih tentang kata ganti benda.  Apa itu? So just wait and see !


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