Pengertian, penjelasan dan kegunaan infinitive

Bentuk kata kerja selain yang kita tahu dalam bentuk kata kerja pertama, kedua dan ketiga, ternyata ada istilah yang mungkin sering kalian dengar, apalagi kalau bukan bentuk infinitive.Sudah tidak asing lagi bukan di telinga? Apa ya pengertian, kegunaan dan penggunaan dalam kalimat seperti apa? Yuk perhatikan dengan seksama penjelasan berikut ini:

pengertian dan kegunaan infinitive

Infinitive merupakan bentuk kata kerja yang masih alami sama halnya dengan kata kerja dasar (bare verbs) yang belum mengalami perubahan dalam tenses, kemudian terdapat awalan ‘to’ seperti tabel di bawah ini:

Bare verbinfinitive
askTo ask
breakTo break
cryTo cry
digTo dig
encloseTo enclose
flyTo fly
goTo go
hissTo hiss
includeTo include
jogTo jog
kickTo kick
lendTo lend
makeTo make
nailTo nail
openTo open
pickTo pick
quarrelTo quarrel
runTo run
seeTo see
takeTo take
urgeTo urge
vacateTo vacate
wearTo wear
xeroxTo xerox
yellTo yell
zipTo zip

Kegunaan bentuk infinitive untuk apa saja? Secara umum bentuk infinitive digunakan untuk menyatakan tujuan (purpose), apa hanya itu? Tentu tidak, berikut ini beberapa penggunaan infinitive:

1. Menyatakan Tujuan (Purpose)

Bentuk ‘to+ verb word’ dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan tujuan dan merupakan bentuk sederhana dari ‘ in order to’, kalau diartikan sebagai: dalam rangka/ untuk

Rumus dalam kalimat:

SVCinfinitive (purpose) 
Mairabroughtmany thingsto helpthe others
Mairamembawabanyak baranguntuk membantuyang lainnya
TheoHas exercised to keephis body fit
TheoTelah berlatih Untuk menjagaTubuhnya tetap fit
Shetakesvitaminstomakebetter
Diameminumvitaminuntuk membuatlebih baik

Catatan: ingat jangan menggunakan kata ‘for’ kecuali ‘to’ untuk menyatakan tujuan

pengertian dan penjelasan infinitive

Contoh:

Incorrect: My father is wearing several clothes for keep him warm.

Correct   : My father is wearing several clothes to keep him warm.

Incorrect: Mia boils water four times making a tea for her husband every day.

Correct   : Mia boils water four times to make a tea for her husband every day.

Incorrect: Maira always needs him for keep her safe in her life.

Correct   : Maira always needs him to keep her safe in her life.

Incorrect: Do not move your feet fast when you swing for play golf correctly.

Correct   : Do not move your feet fast when you swing to play golf correctly.

Incorrect: My brother called me many times for help him last night.

Correct   : My brother called me many times to help him last night.

Incorrect: We asked our boyfriend buy a many foods yesterday.

Correct   : We asked our boyfriend to buy a many foods yesterday.

Incorrect: She jogs every day for making sure her body gets fresh air.

Correct   : She jogs every day to make sure her body gets fresh air.

Incorrect: Wait until June plant that rice.

Correct   : Wait until June to plant that rice.

2. Sebagai pelengkap dalam kata kerja.

Ada beberapa kata kerja tertentu yang wajib diikutibentuk infinitivejika ada dua kata kerja dalam kalimat,berikut ini daftar kata kerjanya: (cek juga: Kata kerja verb dalam bahasa inggris dengan pelengkap infinitive)

pengertian dan kegunaan infinitive

Verb (present)Verb (past/ participle)kalimat
agreeagreedShe agrees him to join her project
appearappearedLong time Mia didn’t appear to fulfill her duty
askaskedYou must ask to solve this problem to your boss
claimclaimedTheo has claimed his colleage to take this opportunity
consentconsentedI can’t consent to think many difficult things now
arrangearrangedCould you please help me to arrange to get much money again?
DecidedecidedWe have decided to go there soon
DemanddemandedHe is demanding to bring back his assets
DeservedeservedYou didn’t deserve to suffer anymore
ExpectexpectedShe always expect to get the highest score in final examination
FailfailedFinally Mia and I fail to across that large river
ForgetForgot/ forgottenDon’t forget to save your extra money
hesitatehesitatedThey will hesitate to take that step
hopehopedWe hope to be good human every day
intendIntendedI will intend to join all activities
learnlearnedI was still learning to love him more
managemanagedWe learn to manage to divide time for some planning
meanmeantI didn’t mean to hurt you
NeedneededWe don’t need to call you back
OfferofferedWould you mind offering to bring some meals for today?
PlanplannedWe had planned to rearrange our holiday schedule
PreparepreparedIt is time to prepare to face the final examination
PretendpretendedShe is going to pretend to die
PromisepromisedMia has promised not to break the rule
refuserefusedI refuse to accept this deal due to it will break our friendship
seemseemedIt seems to be hard to know you will go far away
TendtendedWe will tend to choose her concept
ThreatenthreatenedShe will threaten to take his assets if he doesn’t want to be with her
WaitwaitedI’ll wait to accompany you here
WantwantedI always want you to hold my hand

 Demikian tersebut di atas adalah penjelasan dan kegunaan infinitive dalam kalimat. Semoga semakin paham ya. Selamat belajar!


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