Penjelasan Tenses untuk kalimat pasif (Bentuk Kata Kerja)

Pembahasan mengenai bentuk tensessudah dikupas tuntas pada ulasan sebelumnya. Tetapi perlu diingat, kalimat-kalimat yang ada di tenses tersbeut adalah untuk bentuk kalimat aktif ya. Nah, bagaimana bentuk kalimat pasifnya? Untuk itu perlu memahami dulu apa itu kalimat pasif atau dalam bahasa inggris dikenal passive voice. Berikut ini penjelasannya:

tenses bentuk pasif

Kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kalimat yang lebih mementingkan tindakan yang terjadi daripada si pelaku penyebab kejadian tersebut (agent), jadi keberadaan informasi agent tidak begitu diperjelas walaupun kadang tetap mencantumkan si agent tersebut. Contohnya:

  1. Hermione was born in muggle world in in London. (artinya yang dipentingkan disini adalah kapan Hermione dilahirkan, bukan oleh siapa Hermione dilahirkan).

  2. Nella is awarded as best students in her school. (Nella diaugerahi sebagai murid terbaik di sekolahnya, bukan siapa yang memberikan anugerah tersebut bukan?)

Bisa juga mencantumkan agent dalam kalimat pasif:

  1. Mia was asked by her brother to accompany his. (Mia diminta oleh kakaknya untuk menemaninya)

  2. Maira has been chosen to join that tournament by her supervisor. (Maira telah dipilih untuk mengikuti turnamen tersebut oleh pengujinya)

Yang perlu diingat dalam kalimat pasif adalah bahwa setiap kalimat pasti berbentuk:

BE+ participle (V-3)

Tinggal bagaimana nantinya perubahan si betersebut untuk masing-masing tenses berbeda ya. Jadi harus dipahami betul-betul nah maka perlu juga diketahui perubahan kata kerja itu juga ya, yang digunakan dalam bentuk pasif adalah kata kerja bentuk ketiga/ Verb 3/ V-3/ participle.

Main verb (V-1)Past form (V-2)Participle (V-3)infinitiveVerb-ing
breakbrokebrokento breakbreaking
agreeagreedagreedto agreeagreeing
seesawseento see seeing

Bisa dicek kembali: daftar kata kerja verbs beraturan dan tak beraturan

bentuk tenses pasif

Bentuk kalimat untuk masing-masing tenses adalah:

Present tense

  1. Simple Present Tense

Rumus:

S+to be+ Verb 3+ O

S+ to be + not+ Verb 3+ O

To be + S+ Verb 3+ O?

To be:

I- am

They, we, you- are

He, she , it – is

  1. Present Continous Tense

Rumus:

S+ to be+ being+ Verb 3+ O

S+ to be + not+ being+ Verb 3+ O

To be + S+ being+ Verb 3+ O?

To be:

I- am

You, we, they- are

He, she, it – is

  1. Present Perfect Tense

Rumus:

S+have/ has+ been+ Verb 3+ O

S+ have/ has + not+ been+ Verb 3+ O

Have/ has + S+ been+ Verb 3+ O?

Have/ has:

I, you, we, they- have

He, she, it – has

  1. Present Perfect Continous Tense

Rumus:

S+have/ has+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O

S+ have/ has + not+ been+ being+ Verb 3 + O

Have/ has + S+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O?

Have/ has:

I, you, we, they- have

He, she, it – has

Untuk penjelasan masing-masing kalimat sudah dibahas tersendiri ya untuk masing-masing jenis tense. Bisa kalian cek di sini:

– kalimat simple present tense aktif dan pasif

– kalimat present continuous tense pasif

– kalimat present perfect tense pasif

– kalimat present perfect continuous tense pasif

Past tense

  1. Simple PastTense

Rumus:

S+ to be+ Verb 3+ O

S+ to be + not+ Verb 3+ O

To be + S+ Verb 3+ O?

To be:

I, he, she, it – was

They, we, you – were

  1. Past Continous Tense

Rumus:

S+ to be+ being+ Verb 3+ O

S+ to be + not+ being+ Verb 3+ O

To be + S+ being+ Verb 3+ O?

To be:

You, we, they- were

I, He, she, it – was

  1. Past Perfect Tense

Rumus:

S+ had + been+ Verb 3+ O

S+ had + not+ been+ Verb 3+ O

Had + S+ been+ Verb 3+ O?

had:

I, you, we, they, He, she, it – had

  1. Past Perfect Continous Tense

Rumus:

S+had+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O

S+ had + not+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O

Had + S+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O?

had:

I, you, we, they, He, she, it – had

Untuk penjelasan masing-masing kalimat sudah dibahas tersendiri ya untuk masing-masing jenis tense. Bisa kalian cek di sini:

kalimat simple past tense pasif

– kalimat past continuous tense pasif

– kalimat pastresent perfect tense pasif

– kalimat past present perfect continuous tense pasif

Future tense

  1. Simple Future Tense

Rumus:

S+ will/ shall+ be+ Verb 3+ O

S+ will/ shall+ not+ be+ Verb 3+ O

Will/ shall + S+ be+ Verb 3+ O?

  1. Future Continous Tense

Rumus:

S+ will/ shall+ be+ being+ Verb 3+ O

S+ will/ shall + not+ being+ Verb 3+ O

Will/shall + S+ be+ being+ Verb 3+  O?

  1. Future Perfect Tense

Rumus:

S+ will/shall+ have+ been+ Verb 3+ O

S+ will/ shall+ not + have+ been+ Verb 3+ O

Will/ shall + S+ have+ been+ Verb 3+ O?

  1. Future Perfect Continous Tense

Rumus:

S+ will/ shall+ have+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O

S+ will/ shall+ have + not+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O

Will/ shall + S+ have+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O?

Untuk penjelasan masing-masing kalimat sudah dibahas tersendiri ya untuk masing-masing jenis tense. Bisa kalian cek di sini:

kalimat simple future tense pasif

– kalimat future continuous tense pasif

– kalimat future perfect tense pasif

– kalimat future perfect continuous tense pasif

Future Past tense

  1. Simple Future Past Tense

Rumus:

S+ should/ would+ be+ Verb 3+ O

S+ should/ would+ not+ be+ Verb 3+ O

Should/ would + S+ be+ Verb 3+ O?

  1. Future Past Continous Tense

Rumus:

S+ should/ would+ be+ being+ Verb 3+ O

S+ should/ would + not+ be+ being+ Verb 3+ O

Should/ would + S+ be+ being+ Verb 3+ O?

  1. Future Past Perfect Tense

Rumus:

S+ should/ would + have+ been+ Verb 3+ O

S+ should/ would + not + have+ been+ Verb 3+ O

Should/ would + S+ have+ been+ Verb 3+ O?

  1. Future Past Perfect Continous Tense

Rumus:

S+ should/ would + have+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O

S+ should/ would + have + not+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O

Should/ would + S+ have+ been+ being+ Verb 3+ O?

Bisa dilihat ya jika kalimat pasif pasti menggunakan kata kerja bentuk ketiga atau participle. Uraian di atas adalah penjelasan mengenai tenses bentuk kalimat pasif (perubahan kata kerja), semoga tidak tambah bingung ya. Enjoy your life!


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