Kalimat Present Perfect Tense Aktif dan Pasif

Menceritakan kejadian yang sudah dilakukan dan sudah selesai tentu kita sudah tahu jika menggunakan jenis tenses Present Perfect Tensebukan? Tentu masih ingat dong penjelasannya bagaimana karena author sudah mengulasnya di pembahasan sebelum ini.Beberapa contoh dalam kalimat pun sudah diberikan. Pertanyaan yang muncul sekarang, bagaimana menyusun kalimat ini dalam bentuk aktif dan pasif? Apakah perlu membuat kalimat pasif?

present perfect tense

Sama halnya di dalam Bahasa Indonesia, kalimat aktif dan pasif tentu sudah tidak asing lagi bukan? Kalimat pasif dibutuhkan saat kejadian, peristiwa atau hasil lebih dipentingkan daripada orang yang menyebabkan peristiwa tersebut terjadi, contohnya known as, born dan leftmerupakan bentuk participle (V-3), biasanya digunakan dengan BE dalam kalimat pasif. Mengapa dalam bentuk kalimat pasif? Hal ini dikarenakan orang yang lahir (be born), orang yang terkenal (be known as) dan orang atau sesuatu yang tertinggal (be left) merupakan bagian terpenting dari kalimat, bukan orang yang melahirkan atau yang membuat terkenal,

Bagaimana bentuk kalimat pasif dalam Present Perfect Tense?Perhatikan kalimat di bawah ini:

  1. We have kept much money to buy new home sweet home.(kami sudah menabung uang yang banyak untuk membeli rumah idaman baru)

Kalimat di atas adalah kalimat aktif. Bagaimana jika diubah menjadi kalimat pasif? Beginilah kira-kira bentuk kalimatnya: Uang yang banyak sudah ditabung oleh kami untuk membeli rumah idaman baru, bukan begitu?

  1. Much money has been kept by us to buy new home sweet home. Atau secara umum bisa dibuat menjadi: Much money has been kept to buy new home sweet home.

Ada yang menarik di sini, coba perhatikan kalimat no 2, ada penambahan participle dari BEmenjadi beensebelum kata kept.Nah inilah yang dinamakan bentuk pasif dari Present Perfect Tense. Dalam hal ini yang dipentingkan adalah uang yang ditabung untuk membeli rumah baru, bukan siapa yang menabung, begitulah konsep kalimat pasif dalam bahasa inggris atau dikenal juga dengan sebutan Passive Voice. Subject= Much money, agent= Us.

Bisa dirumuskan:

Kalimat positive:

Shave/ hasbeenparticiple (V-3)agent 
Lisahasbeenchosenby all memberas lead dancer
Theyhavebeenseenby me

Kalimat negative

Shave/ hasnotbeenparticiple (V-3)agent 
Lisahasnotbeenchosenby all memberas lead dancer
Theyhavenotbeenseenby me

Berikut ini contoh kalimat Present Perfect Tense Aktif dan Pasif:

NoAktifPasif
1The committee has held Muse’s concert in Totenham StadiumMuse’s concert has been held in Totenham Stadium
2We have brought so many cookies for himSo many cookies have been brought by us for him
3I haven’t seen him since the dayHe hasn’t been seen since the day
4Maira has sung a sad song for a long timeA sad song has been sungby Maira for a long time
5 My boss has ordered me collect my report soon I has been ordered by my boss to collect my report soon
6They has set me free alreadyI has been set by them  to be free already
7Where have you stood for so long?Where have you been stood for so long?
8I’ve not heard anything from himAnything has not been heard from him
9My assessor has accepted my proposal this morningMy proposal has been accepted my proposal this morning
10We just have cleaned this dirty class roomThis dirty room just has been cleaned this dirty class room
1Has she closed that door?Hasthe door been closed by her?
12You’ve believed me for everythingI have been believed  for everything
13He has compared me with the other girls, and I hate itI have been comparedby him with the other girls, and I hate it
14You’ve cried him much this weekHe has been cried by her much this week
15Have they ever jumped to that deep river?Havethat deep riverever been jumped by them?
16It has run away to somewhereSomewhere has been run away
17She has loved him for five yearsHe has been loved by her for five years
18My students have measured this length of table for measurement in PhysicsThis length of tablehas been measured by my students for measurement in Physics
19Lena and I have made homework about Element and MixtureHomework has been made by Lena and I about Element and Mixture
20Mione has called Drake many timesDrake has been called by Mione many times
21Theo has invited his mates to his wedding party privatelyHis mates has been invited by Theo to his wedding party privately
22Luna has forgotten all about him alreadyAll about him has been forgotten by Luna already
23Have they ever opened the first page?Havethe first pageever been opened by them?
24I’ve promised you not to leave you behindYou’ve been promised by me not to leave you behind
25My friends and I have played this game till the endThis game have been played by my friends and I till the end

 Itulah uraian penjelasan menenai Present Perfect Tense Aktif dan Pasif, jika diperhatikan, bentuk pasif tinggal ditambahi beensebelum participle.Semoga menjadi lebih paham dan menambah ilmu baru. See you next time!

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