Penjelasan causative verb

Penjelasan causative verb – Readers terjintah, adakah di antara kalian yang belum pernah mendengar kata kerja causative? Atau mungkin sudah pernah mendengar tetapi masih belum paham apa sih sebenarnya itu? Atau mungkin sudah pernah atau sering menemui di soal tapi tidak tahu kalau itu merupakan problems mengenai causative? Tenang readers, karena kali ini author akan membahas tuntas apa sih kata kerja causative itu. Siap??????

Kata kerja causative merupakan kata kerja yang digunakan untuk memerintah atau mempunyai sesuatu/ orang lain untuk melakukan perkerjaan yang diinginkan oleh subjek. Misalnya saja:

Aku membuat mesin ini membersihkan lantai.

Versi inggrisnya:

I make this machine clean the floor.

Nah, kata kerja make itulah disebut sebagai kata kerja causative. Kata kerja ini jenisnya ada lima, sesuai dengan urutan ketegasannnya (forced), yakni:

  1. make
  2. get
  3. have
  4. let
  5. help
  6. Causative MAKE

Pola kalimatnya dengan kata kerja ‘make’, perhatikan kata kerja yang mengikuti setelah causative verb!

S make someone verb word  
I make him eat many cakes

 

S make something Verb word  
I make it eat its food

Contoh:

Incorrect: He made me singing those songs.

Correct   : He made me sing those songs.

 

Incorrect: She has made us returned to this town.

Correct   : She has made us return to this town.

 

Incorrect: Tom makes many sandwiches eaten by them.

Correct   : Tom makes many sandwiches eat by them.

 

Incorrect: Rena and I made Ryan loving this movie much.

Correct   : Rena and I made Ryan love this movie much.

  1. Causative GET

Pola kalimatnya dengan kata kerja ‘get’, perhatikan kata kerja yang mengikuti setelah causative verb!

S get someone infinitive  
I get him to eat many cakes

 

S get something participle  
I get it eaten its food

Contoh:

Incorrect: He got me singing those songs.

Correct   : He got me to sing those songs.

 

Incorrect: She has got us returned to this town.

Correct   : She has got us to return to this town.

 

Incorrect: Tom gets many sandwiches to eat by them.

Correct   : Tom gets many sandwiches eaten by them.

 

Incorrect: Rena and I got Ryan loving this movie much.

Correct   : Rena and I got Ryan to love this movie much.

  1. Causative HAVE

Pola kalimatnya dengan kata kerja ‘have’, perhatikan kata kerja yang mengikuti setelah causative verb!

S have someone verb word  
I have him eat many cakes

 

S have something participle  
I have it eaten its food

Contoh:

Incorrect: He had me singing those songs.

Correct   : He had me sing those songs.

 

Incorrect: She has had us returned to this town.

Correct   : She has had us return to this town.

 

Incorrect: Tom has many sandwiches to eat by them.

Correct   : Tom has many sandwiches eaten by them.

 

Incorrect: Rena and I had Ryan loving this movie much.

Correct   : Rena and I had Ryan love this movie much.

 

  1. Causative LET

Pola kalimatnya dengan kata kerja ‘Let’, perhatikan kata kerja yang mengikuti setelah causative verb!

S let someone verb word  
I let him eat many cakes

 

S Let something verb word  
I have it eat its food

Contoh:

Incorrect: He let me singing those songs.

Correct   : He let me sing those songs.

 

Incorrect: She has let us returned to this town.

Correct   : She has let us return to this town.

 

Incorrect: Tom lets many sandwiches to eat by them.

Correct   : Tom lets many sandwiches eat by them.

 

Incorrect: Rena and I let Ryan loving this movie much.

Correct   : Rena and I let Ryan love this movie much.

 

  1. Causative HELP

Pola kalimatnya dengan kata kerja ‘help’, perhatikan kata kerja yang mengikuti setelah causative verb!

S Help someone verb word

infinitive

 
I

I

help

help

him

her

eat

to eat

many cakes

many cakes

Contoh:

Incorrect: He helped me singing those songs.

Correct   : He helped me sing those songs or He helped me to sing those songs.

 

Incorrect: She has helped us returned to this town.

Correct   : She has helped us return to this town or She has helped us to return to this town.

 

Incorrect: Tom helps many sandwiches to eat by them.

Correct   : Tom helps many sandwiches eat by them or Tom helps many sandwiches to eat by them.

 

Incorrect: Rena and I helped Ryan loving this movie much.

Correct   : Rena and I helped Ryan love this movie much or Rena and I helped Ryan to love this movie much.

Begitu? Menegrti tidak readers? Yang perlu diperhatikan adalah penggunaan kata kerja setelah kata kerja causatives. Itulah beberapa penjelasan causative verb sering digunakan. Have a nice weekend!

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