Penggunaan indirect questions

Penggunaan indirect questions –beberapa kata tanya juga dapat digunakan sebagai kata penghubung atau kata sambung dalam kalimat. Lebih dikenal dengan indirect questions. Yuk kita cari tahu penggunaannya dalam kalimat!
Penggunaan indirect questions
Penggunaan question words sebagai kata sambung biasanya digunakan untuk memperkenalkan klausa kalimat dari indirect questions. Sama halnya dalam Bahasa Indonesia, bentuk indirect questions seperti ini:
Aku tidak ingat siapa namanya.
I don’t remember what his name is.
Nah kata ‘siapa’  atau ‘what’ itulah yang merupakan indirect questions.
Berikut ini question words:
Who
What
What time
When
Where
Why
How
How long
How many
How much
Berikut ini susunan indirect questions dalam kalimat, perhatikan susunannya berbeda dengan susunan kalimat tanya/ interrogative.
S
V
question word
S
V
I
didn’t remember
how old
she
was
She
doesn’t remember
what
my name
is
V
S
Question word
S
V
Did
you
remember
how old
she
was
Does
she
remember
what
my name
is
Perhatikan: Jangan menggunakan ‘do, does, dan did’ setelah question word dan jangan menggunakan kata kerja sebelum subjek setelah questions word!
Contoh:
Incorrect: I don’t care what do people say.
Correct   : I don’t care what people say.
Incorrect: They didn’t understand what did I say.
Correct   : They didn’t understand what I say.
Incorrect: I can’t guess what he does bring in his bag.
Correct   : I can’t guess what he bringsin his bag.
Incorrect: He wonders when is her birthday.
Correct   : He wonders when her birthday is.
.
Incorrect: Can you please tell me where is the hospital?
Correct   : Can you please tell me where the hospital is?
Incorrect: Does he know how much do they cost?
Correct   : Does he know how much they cost?
Incorrect: Can you tell me what time does the movie start?
Correct   : Can you tell me what time the movie starts?
Incorrect: The air traffic controller informs the pilot how far is the plane from the touchdown point.
Correct   : The air traffic controller informs the pilot how far the plane from the touchdown point is.
Incorrect: Did you know when did the show start last night?
Correct   : Did you know when the show started last night?
Incorrect: We can’t remember how long is the traveling.
Correct   : We can’t remember how long the traveling is.

Penggunaan indirect questionsbisa juga jadi alternative untuk menyatakan kata sambung juga kan? (Penggunaan When untuk future result)

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