Penggunaan For dan Since untuk menyatakan durasi

Penggunaan For dan Since untuk menyatakan durasi –Kata keterangan selanjutnya merupakan untuk menyatakan lamanya waktu yang dibutuhkan atau biasa dikenal dengan durasi. Kata- kata yang biasa digunakan dalam Bahasa Inggris adalah For dan Since. Ingatkah kalian jika kata-kata ini juga digunakan dalam keterangan waktu bentuk perfect tense?
Penggunaan For dan Since untuk menyatakan durasi
Fordigunakan sebelum a quantity of time/ lamanya waktu, menyatakan lamanya waktu/ durasi waktu, dan menjawab pertanyaan berapa lama (how long).
Sincedigunakan sebelum a specific time/ waktu secara khusus, menyatakan lamanya waktu juga, bedanya since menjawab pertanyaan, dimulai kapan (beginning when).
A quantity timeberupa jumlah hari atau bulan misal six days, two years, two months dsb.
A specific timeberupa waktu khusus seperti selasa, bulan juli, tahun 2000 dsb.
Nah dalam kalimat biasanya dijumpai struktur kalimat dengan HAVE+ participle (V-3) yang tidak lain merupakan bentuk perfecttense, nah struktur kalimat tersebut menggunkana kata keterangan durasi waktu.
Pola dalam kalimat dengan for:
S
HAVE
participle
for
Quantity of time
I
have
been
in Bekasi
for
two years
She
has
eaten
Bakso
for
five minutes
Dengan since:
S
HAVE
participle
since
Quantity of time
I
have
been
in Bekasi
since
July
She
has
eaten
Bakso
since
7 pm
Perhatian: jangan menggunakan ‘for’ sebelum specific times, dan jangan menggunakan kata ‘before’ setelah HAVE+ participle!
Contoh:
Incorrect: I have been here for 6 am.
Correct   : I have been here since 6 am.
Incorrect: Rena and I have brought many books since two hours.
Correct   : Rena and I have brought many books for two hours.
Incorrect: My family has lived in Bogor for June, 1999.
Correct   : My family has lived in Bogor since June, 1999.
Incorrect: Maira has been on diet since four weeks.
Correct   : Maira has been on diet for four weeks.
Incorrect: They haven’t seen me since almost two years.
Correct   : They haven’t seen me for almost two years.
Incorrect: I’ve been torn for you’ve been gone.
Correct   : I’ve been torn since you’ve been gone.
Incorrect: We have studied Physics since three years.
Correct   : We have studied Physics for three years.
Incorrect: She has fallen in love with Jimmy since a long time.
Correct   : She has fallen in love with Jimmy for a long time.
Incorrect: For he has left her, she has tried to move on.
Correct   : Since he has left her, she has tried to move on.
Incorrect: Penguins, the most highly specialized of all aquatic birds, can live since twenty years.
Correct   : Penguins, the most highly specialized of all aquatic birds, can live for twenty years.
PenggunaanFor dan Since untuk menyatakan durasiperlu mengingat kembali bentuk perfect tense. Keep excercising!

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