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Contoh Question Tags (Ekor Pertanyaan)

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Contoh Question Tags (Ekor Pertanyaan) – Suatu kalimat pertanyaan atau interrogative merupakan salah satu kalimat dalam Bahasa Inggris yang penting. Di smaping untuk menanyakan sesuatu, pertanyaan merupakan salah satu bentuk kritik atau ketidaksetujuan, bahkan menuangkan suatu ide, biasanya berupa kalimat pertanyaan yang muncul. Tentu kita sudah tidak asing lagi dengan kalimat pertanyaan bukan? Dalam Bahasa Inggris kalimat pertanyaan biasanya menggunkana kata what, where, when, who, how, dan juga dengan tambahan to be atau modals. Lalu bagaimana untuk membuat pertanyaan yang menegaskan atau biasa disebut dengan ekor pertanyaan?
Contoh Question Tags (Ekor Pertanyaan)
Question tags atau ekor pertanyaan merupakan pertanyaan untuk mempertegas suatu pernyataan. Contohnya misal dalam Bahasa Indonesia.
Retna masih belajar Bahasa Inggris kemarin, iya kan? Atau dalam Bahasa Inggris:
Retna was still learning English yesterday, wasn’t she?
Nah frase kata iya kan dan isn’t she merupakan ekor pertanyaan. Nah apa saja yang perlu diperhatikan dalam menyusun question tags?
1. jika pernyataannya berupa kalimat positif, maka question tags nya diberi tambahan kata ‘not’ atau berupa question tags negatif. Yang digunakan dalam menyusun juga adalah to bedari kalimat, modals/ auxiliary verbs, baru subjek kalimat. Coba perhatikan!
a. Untuk question tags dengan modals
S
modals
main verb
question tags
(modals+ not+ S)
She
can
do
this fast
can’t she?
She
could
do
this fast
couldn’t she?
She
must
do
this fast
musn’t she?
She
might
do
this fast
mightn’t she?
She
may
do
this fast
may not she?
She
will
do
this fast
won’t she?
She
would
do
this fast
wouldn’t she?
She
should
do
this fast
shouldn’t she?
She
shall
do
this fast
shall not she?
b. question tags dengan auxiliary verbs bentuk pertama
S
HAVE (Auxiliray)
Participle
V+ing
Question tags
(Auxiliray + not+ S)
We
have
eaten
many sweets
haven’t we?
He
has
gone
to the beach
hasn’t he?
I
had
had
much money
hadn’t I?
She
has been
waiting
For long time
hasn’t she?
c. question tags dengan auxiliary verbs bentuk kedua
S
V
Question tags
(Auxiliray + not+ S)
I
take
course everyday
don’t I?
She
eats
many fruits always
doesn’t she?
They
went
to office last day
didn’t they?
I
have
much money
don’t I?
They
had
many books
didn’t they?
d. Question tags dengan to be
 
S
V
Question tags
(to be+ not+ S)
We
are
students
aren’t we?
She
is waiting
for him
isn’t she?
They
were drinking
wine
weren’t they?
I
was confusing
with this
wasn’t I?
2. jika pernyataannya berupa kalimat negatif, maka question tags berupa question tags positif. Yang digunakan dalam menyusun juga sama berupa to be dari kalimat, modals/ auxiliary verbs, baru subjek kalimat. Coba perhatikan juga!
a. Untuk question tags dengan modals
 
S
nodals + not
main verb
question tags
(modals + S)
She
can’t
do
this fast
can she?
She
couldn’t
do
this fast
could she?
She
mustn’t
do
this fast
must she?
She
mightn’t
do
this fast
might she?
She
may not
do
this fast
may she?
She
will not
do
this fast
will she?
She
wouldn’t
do
this fast
would she?
She
shouldn’t
do
this fast
should she?
She
shall not
do
this fast
shall she?
b. question tags dengan auxiliary verbs bentuk pertama
S
HAVE + not (Auxiliray)
Participle
V+ing
Question tags
(Auxiliray + S)
We
haven’t
eaten
many sweets
have we?
He
hasn’t
gone
to the beach
has he?
I
hadn’t
had
much money
had I?
She
hasn’t been
waiting
for long time
has she?
c. question tags dengan auxiliary verbs bentuk kedua
S
Auxiliary verb + not
Main verb
Question tags
(Auxiliray + S)
I
don’t
take
course everyday
do I?
She
doesn’t
eat
many fruits always
does she?
They
didn’t
go
to office last day
did they?
I
don’t
have
much money
do I?
They
didn’t
have
many books
did they?
d. Question tags dengan to be
 
S
V
Question tags
(to be + S)
We
are not
students
are we?
She
isn’t waiting
for him
is she?
They
weren’t drinking
wine
we they?
I
wasn’t confusing
with this
was I?

 

Itulah beberapa aturan dalam penyusunan Contoh Question Tags (Ekor Pertanyaan), jangan lupa selalu perhatikan di dalam kalimat pernyataannya!

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