Penggunaan kata sifat dengan akhiran -ed dan -ing–
Ternyata kata sifat juga bisa dibentuk juga lho dari kata dengan akhiran –ed atau –ing selain bentuk lain masih banyak (lihat: pengertian kata sifat adjectives
). Bagaimana bentuknya? Ini dia penjelasannya! Bentuk akhiran –ing kata benda berfungsi sebagai kata sifat biasanya menyatakan sebab, diturunkan dari kata kerja aktif. Sedangkan akhiran –ed biasanya menyatakan hasil dan diambil dari kata kerja bentuk pasif.
Contoh penggunaan dalam kalimat:
by someone or something
The audience is
by his performance
The teachers are
by her attitude
to someone or something
Her attitude is
to the teachers
His performance is
to the audience
Contoh dalam kalimat:
Incorrect: They were surprisingby the result of their test.
Correct : They were surprised by the result of their test. (hasilnya surprise)
Incorrect: Those rooms are organizing.
Correct : Those rooms are organized.
Incorrect: The petition had been signed by concerning citizens.
Correct : The petition had been signed by concernedcitizens.
Incorrect: What an interestedidea!
Correct : What an interesting idea!
Incorrect: It is not surprisedthat the Arabs were skillful mapmakers.
Correct : It is not surprising that the Arabs were skillful mapmakers.
Incorrect: His dance is attractedto her.
Correct His dance is attracting to her.
Incorrect: She had woken up because of her alarmed sound.
Correct : She had woken up because of her alarmingsound.
Incorrect: Many people were thrillingby the concert.
Correct : Many people were thrilledby the concert