Kata kerja subjunctive- importance

Kata kerja subjunctive- importance-Perlu diketahui beberapa kata kerja, kata benda dan beberapa ekspresi membutuhkan sebuah subjunctive. Subjunctive itu sendiri merupakan perubahan bentuk biasa dari kata kerja. Dalam Bahasa Inggris sebuah subjunctive sering berupa ‘verb word’. Subjunctive menyatakan kepentingan (importance) dan bisa berupa kata kerja, kata benda yang diambil dari kata kerja subjunctive, dan berupa impersonal expressions. Berikut ini urainnya!

Kata kerja subjunctive- importance
1. kepentingan (importance)–Subjunctive verbs
Perlu diketahui kata kerja berikut ini digunakan sebelum ‘that’ dan kata kerja di kalimat klausa menyatakan kepentingan (importance) (hafalkan kalau perlu).
Ask
Propose
demand
Recommend
Desire
Request
Insist
Require
prefer
Suggest, urge
Berikut ini contoh pola kalimatnya:
S
V
that
S
verb word
They
recommend
that
he
go
with her personally
Bentuk negatif:
S
V
that
S
not
verb word
They
recommend
that
he
not
go
with her personally
Perhatian:
Jangan menggunakan kata kerja bentuk present atau past kecuali ‘verb word’. Jangan menggunakan modals sebelum ‘verb word’.
Catatatan: ‘insist’ mungkin digunakan juga dalam pola non-subjuncyive pada bentuk past tense, mislanya: I insisted that she was wrong.
Contoh:
Incorrect: His father suggested that he will not smoke.
Correct   : His father suggested that he not smoke.
Incorrect: Many architects prefer that a dome is used to roof building.
Correct   : Many architects prefer that a dome use to roof building.
Incorrect: The law requires that everyone hashis car checked at least once a year.
Correct   : The law requires that everyone havehis car checked at least once a year.
2. kepentingan (importance)– kata benda yang diturunkan dari kata kerja subjunctive
Kata benda berikut merupakan kata bend ayang diturunkan dari kata kerja subjunctive di atas dan digunakan juga dalam pola ini untuk membentuk suatu kepentingan (importance).
Demand
recommendation
Insistence
request
Preference
Requirement
proposal
suggestion
Berikut ini pola kalimatnya dengan kata kerja ‘LET’
Noun
that
S
verb word
The suggestion
that
he
be
evaluated was approved
Bentuk negatif
Noun
that
S
not
verb word
The suggestion
that
he
not
be
evaluated was not proved
Jangan menggunakan kata kerja bentuk present atau past kecuali ‘verb word’. Jangan menggunakan modals sebelum ‘verb word’.
Contoh:
Incorrect: He ignores the suggestion that gets more exercise.
Correct   : He ignores the suggestion that she get more exercise.
Incorrect: We regretted not having followed my advisor’s recommendation that we dropping the class.
Correct   : We regretted not having followed my advisor’s recommendation that we drop the class.
Incorrect: The committee refused the request that the prerequisite shall be waived.
Correct   : The committee refused the request that the prerequisite be waived.
3. kepentingan (importance)–Impersonal expressions
Kata sifat berikut ini merupakan ungkapan untuk ekspresi impersonal dan digunakan juga dalam bentuk kepentingan (importance):
Essential, imperative, important, necessary
Berikut ini pola kalimatnya:
It is
adjective
infinitive
It is
It is
important
essential
to know
to add
the data
a spoon of sugar
atau
It is
adjective
that
S
verb word
It is
It is
important
essential
that
that
the data
a spoon of sugar
be
be
known
added
Jangan menggunakan kata kerja bentuk present atau past kecuali ‘verb word’. Jangan menggunakan modals sebelum ‘verb word’.
Contoh:
Incorrect: It is imperative that he ison time.
Correct   : It is imperative that he be on time or It is imperative to be on time.
  
Incorrect: It is important that I will speak with Mr. Budi immediately.
Correct   : It is important that I speak with Mr. Budi immediately or It is important to speak with Mr. Budi immediately.
Incorrect: It is necessary that you must bring many things.
Correct   : It is necessary that you bring many things or It is necessary to bringmany things.
Mudah dimengerti ya kalimat dengan menggunakan kata kerja subjunctive- importance. Dengan demikian nambah pengetahuan kalian lagi dalam memperdalam kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris.

Tags:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *