Kata ganti benda (Pronouns)

Kata ganti benda (Pronouns) –Kalian mungkin ingat saat belajar ‘pronouns take the place noun’, yang artinya bahwa kata ganti benda digunakan untuk menghindari perulangan penyebutan benda. Kata ganti benda biasanya mempunyai referensi benda yang telah disebutkan sebelumnya dalam percakapan atau penulisan. Kata ganti benda juga digunakan dalam pengulangan kata benda yang menjadi referensi.
Kata ganti benda (Pronouns)
Dalam beberapa buku grammar, kata benda referensi juga disebut dengan ‘ antecedent of the pronoun’ karena telah disebutkan sebelumnya. Sebagai contoh  dalam kalimat berikut ini, kata ‘them’ merupakan kata ganti benda yang menggantikan kata benda ‘secretaries’
Many secretaries are using computers to help them work faster and more efficiently.
Ada beberapa macam perbedaan kata ganti benda dalam Bahasa Inggris. Beberapa diantaranya adalah kata ganti benda personal (subject or object pronouns), possessive pronouns, relative pronouns, reflexive pronouns, and reciprocal pronouns.
1.  Subject pronouns (kata ganti benda untuk subjek)
Diingat ya jika kata ganti benda personal ini digunakan sebagi subjek dalam kalimat atau klausa. Berikut ini pola kalimatnya dengan kata kerja ‘have’
pronoun (subject)
V
If I get much money
Ema and I
will go
to mall
Kata ganti benda berikut merupakan kata ganti benda untuk subjek:
I
You
He/ she
It
We
You
They
Ingat jangan memakai kata ganti benda untuk objek jika sebagai subjek kalimat.
Contoh:
Incorrect: Lena and me will join the same activity in campus.
Correct   : Lena and I will join the same activity in campus.
Incorrect: After taking a rest, her mom and her buy an ice ream.
Correct   : After taking a rest, her mom and shebuy an ice ream.
Incorrect: When they have enough money, Rey and him will open a new restaurant.
Correct   : When they have enough money, Rey and he will open a new restaurant.
2. Subject pronouns sebagai posisi pelengkap
Perlu diketahui dalam posisi pelengkap setelah kata kerja BE, kata ganti benda sebagai subjek harus digunakan. Berikut ini pola kalimatnya:
It
BE
pronoun (subject)
It
is
she
who takes many courses
Contoh:
Incorrect: This is me speaking.
Correct   : This is I speaking.
Incorrect: Is it him at the door again?
Correct   : Is it he at the door again?.
Incorrect: We have to admit that it was uswho wanted to go.
Correct   : We have to admit that it was wewho wanted to go
Incorrect: When we were learning to drive, our mom let us using their car.
Correct : When we were learning to drive, our mom let us use their car.
Incorrect: It was her, Elena, who led in this class.
Correct   : It was she, Elena, who led in this class.
3. Object pronouns (Kata ganti benda untuk objek)
Nah kalau kata ganti benda ini digunakan sebagai pelengkap dalam kalimat atau klausa. Berikut ini contoh dalam kalimatnya:
It
BE
pronoun (object)
She
takes
me
to the theater
Berikut ini merupakan daftar kata ganti benda sebagai objek:
Me, you, her, us, you, them, him, it
Jangan memakai kata ganti subjek sebagai objek ya!
Let
pronoun (object)
V
Let
him
leave
me alone
Jangan memakai kata ganti benda subjek setelah kata LET
Contoh:
Incorrect: They always help my friends and I doing exercise.
Correct   : They always help my friends and medoing exercise.
Incorrect: Let we promise not to quarrel about such unimportant things anymore.
Correct   : Let us promise not to quarrel about such unimportant things anymore
Incorrect: The result of the test surprised he because of his high score.
Correct   : The result of the test surprised himbecause of his high score.
Incorrect: The bus has left Tom and sheat the corner.
Correct : The bus has left Tom and herat the corner.
Incorrect: Do you believe that she has blamed we?
Correct   : Do you believe that she has blamed us?
4. Kata ganti benda untuk objek setelah kata depan (preposition)
Dingat-ingat ya kalau kata ganti benda personal menggunakan kata ganti benda objek setelah kata depan. Kata depan berikut yang biasanya digunakan dengan kata ganti benda objek:
Among, between, for, from, of, to, and with
prepositon
pronoun (object)
She will be glad if she send message
for
him
Contoh:
Incorrect: Elena will write a letter to he.
Correct   : Elena will write a letter to him.
Incorrect: Just between you and I, this is very special day.
Correct   : Just between you and me, this is very special day.
Incorrect: This cake is from Emma, and those chocolates are from my mom and she.
Correct   : This cake is from Emma, and those chocolates are from my mom and her.
Incorrect: I must tell them that I will go with he tomorrow.
Correct : I must tell them that I will go with him tomorrow.
Incorrect: Among they, it was he who always acted smart and calm.
Correct   : Among them, it was he who always acted smart and calm.
See, mudah seklai dipahami bukan penggunaan Kata ganti benda (Pronouns). Untuk kata ganti benda lainnya possessive pronouns, relative pronouns, reflexive pronouns, and reciprocal pronouns akan dibahas dalam pembahasan berikutnya, jadi ikutin terus ya blog ini!

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