Kata ganti benda (Pronouns) part 2

Kata ganti benda (Pronouns) part 2-Setelah sebelumnya menguraikan bentuk subject and objeck pronouns, nah saatnya membahas kata ganti benda yang selanjutnya apalagi kalau bukan possessive pronouns, relative pronouns, reflexive pronouns, and reciprocal pronouns. Baiklah perhatikan penjelasan berikut ini!

Kata ganti benda (Pronouns) part 2
5.  Possesive pronouns sebelum bentuk –ing
Perlu diketahui ya jika possessive pronouns digunakan sebelum sebelum bentuk –ing. Berikut ini merupakan possessive pronouns:
My, your, her, his, its, our, their
S
V phrase
Pronoun (possessive)
-ing form (noun)
I
am waiting
his
coming
to here
She
can feel
my
presenting
there
Contoh:
Incorrect: I don’t understand why you blame him coming with me.
Correct   : I don’t understand why you blame hiscoming with me.
Incorrect: My mom approves of mestudying in USA.
Correct   : My mom approves of mystudying in USA.
6. Possesive pronouns sebelum bagian anatomi tubuh
Kata ganti benda ini juga digunakan sebelum kata benda untuk mengenlai bagian-bagian tubuh.
S
pronoun (possesive)
You
hurt
my
heart
Contoh:
Incorrect: How did you relax theankle?
Correct   : How did you relax yourankle?
Incorrect: He broke thewrist in the accident.
Correct   : He broke his wrist in the accident.
Incorrect: Do you color the hair again?
Correct   : Do you color your hair again?
7. Relative pronouns yang menggantikan sesorang (person) atau sesuatu (something)
Kata ganti menggunakan who untuk menggantikan seseorang, dan which digunakan untuk menggantikan sesuatu:
someone
who
I am
manager
who
works in city bank
Jangan memakai ‘which’ kecuali who untuk menggantikan seseorang!
something
which
This is
The new handphone
which
you wanted
Jangan memakai ‘who’ untuk menggantikan sesuatu/ benda!
Contoh:
Incorrect: Who is that girl whichasked me a difficult question?
Correct   : Who is that girl who asked me a difficult question?
Incorrect: This is he which helps me make those cakes.
Correct   : This is he who helps me make those cakes.
Incorrect: Baekhyun is a lead singer in EXO which has a beautiful voice.
Correct   : Baekhyun is a lead singer in EXO whohas a beautiful voice.
Incorrect: That is a electric pen whoshe ordered.
Correct : That is a electric pen which she ordered.
Incorrect: The student which gets the highest score will be given a present.
Correct   : The student who gets the highest score will be given a present
8. Relative pronouns yang menggantikan sesorang (person)
Untuk menggantikan seseorang, kata ganti ini berupa who dan whom. Perlu diketahui who digunakan sebagai subjek kalimat atau klausa kalimat. Sedangkan whom digunakan sebagai pelengkap kalimat atau klausa kalimat. Biasanya whom sering digunakan setelah kata depan sebagai objek dari kata depan. Berikut pola dalam kalimat!
who
V
Anyone
who
joined
the tour was very satisfied
Jangan memakai ‘whom’ sebagai subjek kata kerja!
who
S
V
She is only student
whom
they
bully
everyday
Jangan memakai ‘who’ sebelum subjek dan kata kerja!
Contoh:
Incorrect: Elena will ask him whohe is calling.
Correct   : Elena will ask him whom he is calling. (him di sini sebagai objek)
Incorrect: I don’t know who I will take to the beach.
Correct   : I don’t know whom I will take to the beach.
Incorrect: Has she met the girl whomis chosen as prom night queen?
Correct   : Has she met the girl who is chosen as prom night queen? (the girl di sini sebagai subjek dalam klausa kalimat kedua)
Incorrect: They know the candidate whomwas elected to be leader.
Correct : They know the candidate who was elected to be leader.
9. Reflexive pronouns
Kata ganti ini digunakan ketika kedua subjek dan pelengkap menggantikan seseorang atau sesuatu yang sama. Kata ganti ini digunakan sebagai pelengkap kalimat atau klausa kalimat atau sebagai objek dari kata depan. Berikut ini kata ganti reflexive:
Myself, yourself, himself, herself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves, itself
S
V
pronoun (reflexive)
She
can heal
herself
I
will go by
myself
Jangan memakai kata ganti benda objek dan kata ganti benda possessive!
Contoh:
Incorrect: They went to beach by them.
Correct   : They went to beach by themselves.
Incorrect: Be careful or you will hurt to you.
Correct   : Be careful or you will hurt yourself.
Incorrect: The cat can eat with its.
Correct   : The cat can eat with itself.
Incorrect: We have to teach us to read.
Correct : We have to teach ourselves to read.
10. Reciprocal pronouns
Kata ganti ini berupa frase ‘each other’. Kata ganti ini digunakan ketika subjek jamak dan pelengkap menggantikan seseorang atau sesuatu yang sama.
S
V
Pronoun (reciprocal)
Emma and he
love
each other
everyday
Perlu diingat bahwa ‘each other’ digunakan untuk menyatakan aksi yang timbal balik untuk semua orang. Pakai ‘one another’ juga bisa.
Contoh:
Incorrect: We won’t find each anotherat this crowded place.
Correct   : We won’t find each other at this crowded place.
Incorrect: Ali and I never meet one to another again.
Correct   : Ali and I never meet each otheragain.
Incorrect: Let us meet each to the other after this meeting.
Correct   : Let us meet each otherafter this meeting.
Itulah penggunaan Kata ganti benda (Pronouns) part 2, semoga kalian tidak bingung ya dalam penggunaannya! Agar tidak bingung dan terkecoh, kalian harus sering membaca dan belajar membuat kalimat sendiri!

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